The typical minimum winter under-ice discharge is about 0.04 m3/s, which is about three to four times the average contribution from the combined geothermal melt of the bed of the glacier and melting caused by the loss of potential energy from ice motion. These data constitute the longest continuous set of mass-balance data in North America (Josberger and others, 2007) which are used to understand glacier dynamics and hydrology, and understand the glacier's response to climate change. This is one of the essential reference glaciers, with observations and mass balance measurements taken every year for more than 50 years. Gulkana Glacier is located in the Alaska Range (continental climate) and Wolverine Glacier is located in the Kenai Mountains (maritime climate). Overview College Glacier is a relatively short, receding, and thinning glacier in the Eastern Alaska Range near the Richardson Highway. View from southwest of the glacier (August, 2013). Daily average temperatures range from a low of -35°C to a high of 16°C. In the future, runoff volumes from Interior Alaska glaciers, such as the Gulkana, are likely to be altered much more strongly by climate change compared to glaciers located in coastal, maritime environments. Orange symbols represent far-field weather stations used to fill … Gulkana Glacier is a glacier that flows from the ice fields of the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. Direct field measurements are combined with weather data and imagery analyses to calculate the seasonal and annual mass balance of each glacier. 37°44′48″N 119°16′58″W. The glacier, looming 1300 meters in elevation, is located along the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. Subscribe to our blog's rss feed, or find us on Github. Since 1966 when the USGS began collecting annual mass balance data, the mass of Gulkana Glacier has been decreasing by 0.4 meters per year on average. Gulkana River Lattidude is 62.2208300 and the Longitude is -145.3927800 for accurate mapping of this location on your map The main trunk of the glacier has a southerly aspect, and is fed by four cirques with west, south, and east aspects. MLS# WVBE172330. Field visits to measure and maintain stakes at the three index sites are made each spring, at the onset of the melt season, and again in early autumn, near its completion. The McCall, Gulkana, and Wolverine Glaciers in Alaska, the Berendon, Place, and Sentinel Glaciers in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia, the South Cascade Glacier in Washington, and the Maclure Glacier in California form the north-south profile in North America. Follow this road and you will find the trailhead. The Gulkana Glacier, located in the eastern Alaska Range, is one of two Alaska glaciers that have been tracked by USGS for nearly 50 years. Daily average temperatures from that era have an accuracy of about ±1.0°C, and annual precipitation has an estimated accuracy of about ±0.005 m (Mayo and others, 1992; Kennedy, 1995). Coordinates: 37°44′48″N 119°16′58″W. The USGS Phelan Creek near Paxson stream-gaging station is located at an altitude of 1,125 meters above sea level and one kilometer downstream from the glacier's 1996 terminus. Snowfall is the dominant form of precipitation and usually accumulates on the glacier from September through mid-June. Ridge-top is north of the main trunk at 1925 m. The sensors installed measure: The Phelan Creek near Paxson stream gaging station, USGS station 15478040, is part of the USGS network of nearly 100 stations in Alaska. If you’re driving south, you’ll see a gravel road on the east side of the highway (if you see the Richardson Monument, you’ve gone too far). The climate is continental, characterized by a large range in temperatures, and irregular, lighter precipitation as compared to more coastal areas. Mount Maclure, Yosemite National Park, Tuolumne County, California, U.S. Coordinates. Richardson Highway, southeast of Fairbanks Years ago many a mountaineering adventure used this access route to enter the mountains, but the popularity of recreational snowmachining has driven mountaineers to quieter areas. Then hike the rest of the way into the glacier. Gulkana Glacier is one of three detailed long-term glacier monitoring sites run by the USGS in a study on climate change and glacier-related hydrologic processes. Location. This home was built in 2017 and last sold on 11/7/2017 for $193,900. Daily values of discharge are available online and published annually in the USGS Water-Data report series. It’s located in a gorgeous landscape on the south side of the Alaska Range (Delta Mountains) near some spires known as the Hoodoos, just north of Summit Lake and Paxson. Since 1966, part of the Gulkana data set (net balance, accumulation, ablation, accumulation area ratio (AAR), and equilibrium line altitude (ELA)) has been published by the World Glacier Monitoring Service (Kasser, 1967; Muller, 1977; Haeberli, 1985; Haeberli and Müller, 1988; Haeberli and Hoelzle, 1993). Photos by F. Moffit and T. Péwé. Real-time Data. The main trunk of the glacier has a southerly aspect, and is fed by four cirques with west, south, and east aspects. Alaska Guide Co. is based in Valdez, Alaska and seeks to educate people on Alaska through adventure tours and online informational resources. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Access all the data here. In all but eight of those years, Gulkana has lost ice, including every year since 2000. Gulkana Glacier is located along the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Drainage area: 24.5 km 2 Since 1975 both the stakes and the glacier surface elevations at the actual index sites have been surveyed to allow calculations of velocity and surface elevation change. Minya Peak and the Gulkana Glacier tower over a mountain town in Summit Lake, Alaska. Detailed results from 1966 and 1967 are reported by Meier and others (1971) and Tangborn and others (1977), respectively. Index-site glacier-surface and summer-surface altitudes, measured winter balance, and net firn and ice balance from 1975 to 1983 are reported by Mayo and Trabant (1986). Repeated point measurements at established index sites, in conjunction with local meteorology and runoff data, are used to estimate glacier-wide mass balances. It has a super cool suspension bridge and can be done all in the same day. Measured winter snow balances and annual balances from 1966-77 are reported by Meier and others (1980). Gulkana Glacier Gulkana Glacier is a glacier that flows from the ice fields of the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range.It is accessible by gravel roads from the Richardson Highway near mile post 197 at the Richardson Monument, just two miles north of Summit Lake and 12 miles north of Paxson and the junction with Denali Highway. The creek bed contains gravel and boulders of various sizes, typical of a glacial moraine. Gulkana Gaging Station Data (USGS 15478040): Location: Latitude: 63°14'27"N, Longitude: 145°28'03"W., 1,125 m altitude, in SW 1/4 sec.28, T.19 S., R.12 E., Hydrologic Unit 19020102, on left bank about 1 km downstream from terminus of Gulkana Glacier and 23 km north of Paxson, Alaska. The 1,700 sq. It's an out and back about 6 miles total. The Gulkana Glacier is located on the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. Gulkana Glacier Trail. Density of the material gained or lost is measured with a snow-pit or core. Type. The glaciers are distributed in different climate regimes to better define glacier response to changes in climate forcing. Drive in as far as your vehicle will allow (my Ford Focus made it a couple miles). The stations are telemetered for real time data acquisition. The study monitors climate, glacial movement, glacial runoff, glacier mass-balance, and stream runoff. about | contact. Location: Latitude 60°22'14"N., Longitude 148°53'48"W., 370 m altitude, in NE 1/4 sec.10, T.3 N., R.3 E., Hydrologic Unit 19020202, on left bank about 0.15 km downstream from terminus of Wolverine Glacier and 25 km east of Lawing, Alaska. Two Glaciers are studied in Alaska – Gulkana Glacier in the continental climate of the Alaska Range and Wolverine Glacier in the maritime climate of the Kenai Mountains. Location: Latitude: 63°16'3.91"N, Longitude: 145°25'15.97"W In 1966 scientists with the USGS began collecting mass balance data on Gulkana Glacier, one of two "benchmark glaciers" in Alaska. It spans 1300 m of elevation, from 1160 to 2470 m. The glacier is in a 31.5 km2 basin and in 2016 it had an area of 16.0 km2 (O'Neel et al, 2019).  It is accessible by gravel roads from the Richardson Highway near mile post 197 at the Richardson Monument, just two miles north of Summit Lake and 12 miles north of Paxson and the junction with Denali Highway. NOTE: Records are poor. The peak of a hill just southwest of Gulkana Glacier has a post labeled PEWE 1975. This trail is located 60 miles south of Delta Junction, and 12 miles north of Paxson. This home was built in and last sold on 11/3/2017 for $193,900. Daily precipitation records are complicated by thermal expansion of the antifreeze water solution. This A-frame hut is located at 4800 feet and requires an understanding of glacier conditions to reach it. In 1966, a continuing series of meteorological, snow and ice balance, and runoff measurements was begun by the USGS as part of the United States contribution to the International Hydrologic Decade study of mass balances on selected glaciers. Gulkana Glacier is a branched valley glacier in interior Alaska on the south-facing flank of the eastern Alaska Range. Dogs are also able to use this trail but must be kept on leash. Area: 2016 = 16.0 km2. These mountains are generally high, having individual peaks up to 3,000 m in altitude, and are very rugged. Location: 63 ° 16' 7" N, 145 ° 25' 17" W; Region: Southeast Fairbanks (CA) Uses: Length: 6 mi (9.66 km) Elevation: 4711 ft (1435.91 m) The average ELA is near 1,735m which is consistent with a continental mountain climate. The Arctic Man competition takes place near Gulkana Glacier every spring.. (a) Map of Gulkana Glacier and the location of the experiment ‘Seismometer to Investigate Ice and Ocean Structure’ (SIIOS) array relative to Fairbanks, Alaska, and Anchorage, Alaska. Gulkana Glacier is located about 175 miles southeast of Fairbanks, so the day began at 7:00 AM in order to have as much time as possible on the glacier. The sampling on the Gulkana Glacier was conducted at two sites at 1670 and 1840 m a.s.l. on April 20, 2017. Radar system to measure snow thickness, April 2014, Driving the radar system across the upper glacier, April 2014, Thickness and density snow-pit, April 2015, Lunar eclipse over Icefall Peak, April 2014, Northern Lights over the camp, April 2015, GPS to survey ablation stakes, April 2014, GPS survey of an ablation stake, April 2014, Gulkana Gaging Station Data (USGS 15478040), Incoming and Outgoing Short-wave Radiation. Among other glaciological research, mass balance measurements of Gulkana Glacier began in the early 1960s with the University of Alaska Gulkana Glacier Project (Péwé and Reger, 1983). ft. house located at 16 Gulkana Glacier Ln, Martinsburg, WV 25403 sold for $220,000 on Jan 30, 2020. The trail is primarily used for hiking and trail running and is best used from May until October. Typical winter under-ice discharge is about 0.1 m3/s; typical summer discharge is about 4-20 m3/s; the period-of-record peak discharge is 65 m3/s (Linn and others, 1994). The study monitors climate, glacial movement, glacial runoff, glacier mass-balance, and stream runoff. Wolverine Glacier and South Cascade Glacier are the other two monitoring sites. Measurements at the three remaining sites were expanded to include ice-motion and surface-altitude observations (for determining glacier-volume change) in addition to the balance, runoff, and meteorological observations already in progress. The creek bed is composed of typical ground-moraine material: poorly-sorted gravel and small boulders. Period of Record: October 1966 to September 1978, October 1989 to September 1993, October 1994 to current year, and annual maximums, water years 1984-85.  Wildlife includes moose and bears. If you have concerns about Gulkana Glacier Trail, send those in and we will forward those on to proper care takers. Measurements began on Gulkana Glacier during the early 1960's with the University of Alaska Gulkana Glacier Project (Péwé and Reger, 1983). A researcher measuring the thickness of the snow at Gulkana Glacier (Source: USGS). The Jarvis Glacier is located north of the Gulkana Glacier; a drilling project was conducted on the glacier … MLS# 1004444997. For several years this project measured the energy budget, mass balance, meteorology, foliation, flow, and glacier bottom topography (from gravity anomalies) at Gulkana Glacier. By collecting data near the balance maxima and minima direct measurements closely reflect maximum winter accumulation and the annual balances at each location. Wolverine Glacier and South Cascade Glacier are the other two monitoring sites. Nunatak weather station (Latitude 63°17'N, Longitude 145°26'W). Data for 1992 and 1993 were published by March and Trabant (1996 and 1997) and for 1994 by March (1998). Gulkana Glacier 1967 (USGS) In addition, the motion of the ice has slowed, which has resulted in glacier retreat. Overview. The channel is subject to frequent changes during high flows. Starting in the late 1980's the station has been updated with progressively newer, more accurate, and more sensors. Northern lights over the researchers’ cabin in 2014 (Source: USGS). Balance studies were relatively intensive until the mid-1970's, after which spatial sampling was reduced to three sites used as indices for mass balance. Nunatak is on bedrock between the main trunk and a western cirque at 1725 m. The sensors installed measure: Ridge-top weather station (Latitude 63°18'N, Longitude 145°24'W). The Gulkana Glacier area has much to offer, including day-hiking possibilities, backpacking or mountaineering expeditions, or just a roadside view of the glacier on the drive between Valdez and Fairbanks. Mostly level ground, some walking on large rocks, and a suspension bridge! Meteorological observations began in 1967 with installation of temperature and precipitation instruments near the moraine weather station. Wolverine Glacier is also located in Alaska, but … ft. house located at 81 Gulkana Glacier Ln, Martinsburg, WV 25403 sold for $190,000 on Feb 26, 2018. It’s only about 2.5 miles long and is fed by two small accumulation areas. Gulkana River known in local as Gulkana River, is a Stream and is located in the state of Alaska, United States and the Time Zone is America/Anchorage. Elevation Range: Approximately 1160-2470 meters 3 beds, 2.5 baths, 1827 sq. ABSTRACT changes in several of the pyroclastic deposits indicate The Rainbow Mountain-Gulkana Glacier area is located in the eastern Alaska Range near the Richiirdson Highway between Phelan Creek and the upper reaches of College Glacier. Current data available from the Gulkana weather station (USGS 15478038) includes: The original weather station had analogue instruments with strip-chart recorders. Gulkana Glacier is a multi-branched valley glacier located in a continental climate regime on the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range in central Alaska. Gulkana Glacier. The accumulation area consists of four adjacent cirques with east, south, and west exposures and the ablation … ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 3.0 bath property. Gulkana River Trail is a 0.5 mile lightly trafficked out and back trail located near Glennallen, Alaska that features a river and is rated as moderate. The glaciers are distributed in different climate regimes to better define glacier response to changes in climate forcing. USGS information on Gulkana Glacier, including photographs of glacier retreat since 1910. http://ak.water.usgs.gov/glaciology/gulkana/, http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g28923-c119230/Alaska:United-States:Richardson.Highway.Sights.html, http://www.arcticman.com/directions-to-arctic-man, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gulkana_Glacier&oldid=934066048, Glaciers of Valdez–Cordova Census Area, Alaska, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2020, at 15:29. Location in California. Daily precipitation catch can be over 100 mm. 26 Gulkana Glacier Ln , Martinsburg, WV 25403-1424 is currently not for sale. The Gulkana weather station (latitude 63°16'N, longitude 145°25'W) is located at an altitude of 1480 m on the crest of a wind-swept, ice-cored moraine along the eastern boundary of the glacier. Mountain glacier. The station is slightly lower than the glacier's average equilibrium line altitude (ELA) and approximately 300 m from the east edge of the glacier. (c) Photo of equipment installed on Gulkana Glacier. The addition and upgrading of sensors over the years have included measurement of precipitation (Sutron gauge) and new stations to directly measure lapse rates in each basin. Large fluctuations result from ice melt and alternate damming and storage release during melt season. (b) Topographic map of Gulkana Glacier with coordinates of the center of the SIIOS array. The climate is continental, characterized by a large range in temperatures, and irregular, lighter precipitation as compared to more coastal areas. Before October 1968, published as Gulkana Creek near Paxson. Data collection and analysis are conducted by standard techniques developed by the USGS. Access to the College Glacier begins at the same location as the Gulkana Glacier Hike. The 1,777 sq. 26 Gulkana Glacier , Martinsburg, WV 25403 is currently not for sale. Sold: 3 beds, 3 baths, 1892 sq. A dramatic example of glacier retreat: top photograph shows lower Gulkana Glacier on July 1910; bottom photograph shows view from same location on July 1952.  The glacier enjoys a peak thickness in May or June which is 2 to 5 meters thicker than its minimum in August or September.. This site is powered by Wintersmith, and its source code is available on Github. Gulkana Glacier and surrounding peaks (Source: USGS). Gulkana Glacier is located along the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. To increase the spatial distribution, two additional weather stations were placed higher in the basin in 2012 allowing researchers to directly measure lapse rates in each basin. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 3.0 bath property.  Closer to the glacier, a suspension bridge allows pedestrians to cross over Phelan Creek. Hiking Castner Glacier During Winter. The last mile or so of the road is rough, but we made it through and camped Friday night at the end of the road. If you have insights you would like to share we welcome those as well. Mile 67 on the Richardson, at the Richardson Memorial, take the gravel road to the east. In G1 site also, the previous summer's snow partly remained. Gulkana Glacier is a glacier filling several valleys in the east-central Alaska Range in the state of Alaska. We met up with the group in a parking lot at UAF and spent some time making sure everyone had crampons that fit their shoes. In 1966 the USGS began direct measurements of surface mass balance, which, after a decade of dense spatial sampling, were reduced to three "index" sites distributed across the elevation range of Gulkana Glacier. Gulkana Glacier 2012 (Kinney) The trailhead for this special hike is located at the end of a two mile gravel road that exits the Richardson Highway to the east, a few miles north of Summit Lake. Gulkana Glacier is one of USGS’s two “benchmark” glaciers in Alaska, for which it has been patiently gathering data on an annual basis for the last fifty years. Basin areas (Ab) and 2011 glacier areas (Ag) are annotated. / 37.74667°N 119.28278°W / 37.74667; -119.28278. Data from two glaciers located in climatically distinct basins form the basis of this project in Alaska: Gulkana Glacier, a continental glacier located in the Alaska Range, and Wolverine Glacier, a maritime glacier located in the Kenai Mountains. Before you leave the area, make sure to check out Gulkana Glacier Trail. Gulkana Glacier is one of three detailed long-term glacier monitoring sites run by the USGS in a study on climate change and glacier-related hydrologic processes. Gulkana Glacier with the weather station in the foreground. The average annual air temperature at the recorder site is about -4 degrees Celsius(°C), and the average annual precipitation-gage catch is about 1,000 millimeters (mm).
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