Examples What is the study of carbon-containing compounds? Students in introductory biology classes typically have to learn more new vocabulary words than students taking a foreign language! Many of the polymeric materials have chain-like structures which resemble polyethylene. Thus, a polymer is a large molecule made up of several identical repeating units called monomer. Source(s): https://shrink.im/a9drx. Biology. It is the smallest unit in a polymer, which is often a macromolecule with high molecular weight.. monomeric For proteins, consisting of a single polypeptide chain. Polyethylene is considered to be as one of the simplest polymer, it has ethene or ethylene as the monomer unit whereas the linear polymer is known as the high density polyethylene-HDPE. The good news is that many science vocabulary words use the same Greek and Latin roots. What does -OSE mean at the end of a … See more. CARBON What elements does carbon bond with to make up the molecules of life? Synthetic polymers are sometimes referred as “plastics”, of which the well-known ones are nylon and polyethylene. The word polymer comes from the Greek prefix poly-, which means "many," and the suffix -mer, which means "parts." Polymers are made up of many many molecules all strung together to form really long chains (and sometimes more complicated structures, too). Reply. It is the smallest unit in a polymer, which is often a macromolecule with high molecular weight.. Monomers are the building blocks for biological macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, proteins and carbohydrates. What is the function of a carbohydrate? When small organic molecules are … A nucleic acid is a chain of nucleotides which stores genetic information in biological systems. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Three out of four of our macromolecules are polymers: Proteins: The polymer is called a polypeptide and the monomers are amino acids. And multimerization is the process of assembling multimers of a given molecule. Polymer. Questions are typically answered in as fast as 30 minutes. There are natural and synthetic polymers, including proteins and rubber, and glass and epoxies. Deep Kanwar September 20, 2019 at 8:31 pm. It is the basic unit of a polymer, and can be thought of as the fundamental building block of a polymer compound. What elements make up a carbohydrate? The key difference between polymer and macromolecule is that the polymer is a macromolecule with a repeating unit called monomer throughout the molecular structure whereas, not every macromolecule has a monomer in their structure.. Monomers are linked into polymers by dehydration reactions which remove a water molecule. The word was coined by Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779–1848) in 1833, although with a slightly different meaning from the modern definition. many monosaccharides linked together. Monomer Definition. What is the structure of a carbohydrate? See Answer. hexagon. very helpful. 0 0. Her work has been featured in "Kaplan AP Biology" and "The Internet for Cellular and Molecular Biologists." add water to break down a polymer. Polymers are materials made of long, repeating chains of molecules. The name comes from the fact that these . The individual smaller molecules are called monomers. Want to see the step-by-step answer? This was a very precise and wonderful notes in an understandable way of the wanted part which helped a lot Thanks! When you know these roots, you can figure out what a word means, even if you’ve never heard it before. See also: biopolymer. Learn Polymer definition in biology with explanation to study “What is Polymer”. monosaccharides. Check out a sample Q&A here. A monomer, as the name suggests, is a single molecule that can react with other monomer molecules to form a polymer. … 1 decade ago. Monomers are smaller molecules, and when bonded together, make up polymers.-Fatty acids are the monomers for lipids, for example, and regardless of how they are bonded (as a saturated or unsaturated fat, for example), they will form lipids.-Nucleotides form nucleic acids (eg. Minorsky, R.B. The suspension polymerization is similar to the bulk one, but the polymerization process occurs at lower temperatures. The end-to-end distance for these polymers … Glossary of biology terms . These links may take the form of covalent bonds or ionic bonds and the polymers can be either synthetic polymers or natural polymers (such as proteins).. Neoshee. provide energy and structure. Due to their broad spectrum of properties, both synthetic and natural polymers play essential and ubiquitous roles in everyday life. The MACROMOLECULES Label the carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acids in the cheeseburger. We assume that our polymers are swollen since they are immersed in a good solvent (). Sheikh Shahidul Islam March 20, 2020 at 3:20 am. DNA is a polymer. Drugs are found in the form of droplets distributed in an aqueous phase. A substance of high molecular weight, made up of a chain of repeated units sometimes called "mers." biological polymer definition in English dictionary, biological polymer meaning, synonyms, see also 'biological clock',biological control',biological shield',biological warfare'. very good. That makes it rather simple to define a polymer… it is a large molecule composed of small subunits called monomers. Monomer definition, a molecule of low molecular weight capable of reacting with identical or different molecules of low molecular weight to form a polymer. Meaning and definition of polymer : A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomers linked together. How to pronounce, definition … our editorial process. check_circle Expert Answer. A polymer is a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by covalent bonds. What is the monomer that makes up a carbohydrate? Organic polymers synonyms, Organic polymers pronunciation, Organic polymers translation, English dictionary definition of Organic polymers. The difference between polymer and macromolecule stems from the fact that polymer is a subdivision of macromolecule. The modern understanding of polymers as macromolecules was proposed by German organic chemist Hermann … Step-by-step answers are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. The prefixes “mono-” (one), “di-” (two),and “poly-” (many) will tell you how many of the monomers have been joined together in a molecule. Campbell Biology by J.B. Reece, L.A. Urry, M.L. Polymer definition is - a chemical compound or mixture of compounds formed by polymerization and consisting essentially of repeating structural units. Cain, S.A. Wasserman, P.V. Want to see this answer and more? Monomer Definition A monomer is a small molecule that reacts with a similar molecule to form a larger molecule. Regular table sugar is the disaccharide sucrose (a polymer), which is composed of the monosaccharides fructose and glucose (which are monomers). * See Answer *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. A polymer is like a train and monomers are like the individual cars in the train. Polymerase chain reaction The polymerase chain reaction is a scientific technique in molecular biology to amplify a single or a few copies of a piece of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.. polymerase an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of a polymer from its constituent building blocks Reply. In polymer chemistry "cross-linking" usually refers to the use of cross-links to promote a change in the polymers' physical properties. In chemistry and biology a cross-link is a bond that links one polymer chain to another. Polymer Principles 'Polymer' comes from the Greek, meaning 'many parts.' What makes polymers so fun is that how they act depends on what kinds of molecules they're made up of and how they're put together.