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A few candidates have been mentioned, such as the Darya-i-Nur, and the Koh-i-Nur, two famous diamonds that may have been derived from the Great Mogul. Open FREE Unlimited Store                   Join Our Newsletter. However, the diamond is surrounded by colorful lore. ~1770 - Purchased by Count Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov and presented to Catherine the great of Russia. It is currently displayed as a part of the Diamond Fund collection of Moscow's Kremlin Armoury. According to legend, the diamond was stolen from the Srirangam temple by a French soldier who smuggled it to Europe. Nadir Shah was assassinated by his own troops in 1747, and immediately after this an Afghan soldier who was in his service, stole the Orlov diamond, together with some other expensive jewels and escaped to the city of Bassorah, a large town situated on the Shatt-al-Arab, about 112 Km north of the Persian Gulf. According to the first version the Orlov diamond once served as an eye of the presiding deity of the temple of Srirangam, Lord Ranganatha, in the Tamil Nadu State of Southern India. The storm raged throughout the period of his daring escape. The temple built on the site of an older temple during the Vijayanagar period (1336-1565), is composed of seven rectangular enclosures, one within the other. Learn about The Elizabeth Taylor Diamond, Cullinan II, and Koh-i-noor, all part of our famous diamonds series. LGDR by GIA — Laboratory-Grown Diamond Reports, Celebrating Presidents’ Day: The First Ladies and their Jewelry, Serious Bling: Celebrity Engagement Rings. The narrator had allowed his imagination to run riot, to produce a narrative, that was quite captivating but highly untenable. The Orlov (sometimes spelled Orloff) is a large diamond of Indian origin, currently displayed as a part of the collection of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin. The Orlov diamond is the most celebrated and historical diamond among the great collection of gems and jewelry belonging to the Kremlin Diamond Fund, established in 1719 by Emperor Peter the Great of Russia. It is widely reported that the diamond was mounted on the idol of the presiding deity of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, in southern India. When the time came for the division of the plunder, all three brothers insisted on having the diamond, and none of them were prepared to waive his claim. The above striking similarities coupled with the fact that the story of the Great Mogul has no known ending and that of the Orlov has no clear beginning, strongly suggests that the Great Mogul diamond and the Orlov diamond are probably one and the same diamond. Originally published on March 24, 2014. The dimensions of the stone are 47.6 x 34.92 x 31.75 mm. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Powered by Ultra SecureAmazon (USA) Cloud Network. Thus, there is no dispute about the origin of the diamond, but the date of it's discovery at the Golconda mines is not known. According to one legend, it was stolen from the great temple at by a deserter of the French army in the 1700s. Count Orlov left Russia in 1775 and in 1777 married his cousin, but following her death in Lausanne in 1782, he became mentally deranged and returned to his estate in Russia, but died the following year. The Orlov, a large rose-cut diamond, has been described as being shaped like half of a pigeon’s egg. According to this version, the Orlov diamond belonged to the Mogul rulers of India and eventually passed down to Mohammed Shah who ruled between 1719 to1748. This is in respect of the shape of the two diamonds. Best Time to Visit Ranganathaswamy Temple. … Moreover the Ranganatha temple at Srirangam was built between the 14th and 16th centuries, long before the Great Mogul diamond was discovered in the middle of the 17th century, and perhaps by that time two unknown diamonds would have already adorned the eyes of the sacred statute, leaving no room for a third. At first he found his way to Constantinople (Istanbul) in Turkey and from there he moved to Hungary, then Silesia in Poland and finally to Amsterdam. It is the fourth in our Famous Diamonds series. The diamond undoubtedly originated in the Golconda mines of Southern India, the only source of high quality colorless diamonds in the world prior to the early 18th century. Tag Archives: Orlov diamond Wandering Around Tamil Country. Srirangam is a town in east-central Tamil Nadu State, situated on an island formed by the bifurcation of the Cauvery River, about 3.2 Km north of Tiruchirapalli City. The Captain of the ship brought the diamond to London, and sold it for £12,000 to a Jewish diamond dealer. socializeit({pack:1,domain:"internetstones.com",share_horizontal_label:"Share this page:",share_sticky_label:"Share",payItText:"",payItExpanded:"",szColor:"#FFFFFF",whatIsThisLabel:"What’s this? Thus the stories of alleged murders committed by Shaffras does not hold ground. Posted by Jaideep A. Prabhu in Society, Travelogue ≈ Comments Off on Wandering Around Tamil Country. Thus, you should skip the summer season. Catherine the Great named this blue diamond in honor of its giver — Count Grigory Orlov. But, getting into the interior of the sacred temple posed serious problems, as non-Hindus were not allowed entry beyond the 4th of the seven enclosures. Sketch of the Orlov Diamond from the book Precious Stonesby Max Bauer, published in 1904. Finally he was appointed a guardian to the innermost shrine within which lay the object of his attention. The Orlov Diamond in the Imperial Sceptor. The diamond was set on the top of the Royal Scepter of Catherine the Great, with it's domed top facing forward, in which setting it is still preserved up to this day. He gradually cultivated the confidence of the unsuspecting high priests of the temple, and as a frequent worshipper was allowed free access to the inner shrine of the temple, because of his apparent veneration for the deity situated therein. The clarity of the stone is typical of the finest diamonds that originated from the Golconda mines of Southern India. When the Frenchman learnt about the valuable diamonds, he thought he could make a quick fortune if he could lay his hands upon them. There seems to be an element of truth in this statement, because when Jean Baptiste Tavernier visited Delhi during the reign of Aurangzeb (1658-1707), the last of the great Mogul Emperors of India, he was shown a massive rough diamond that weighed 787½carats, which he referred to as the Great Mogul Diamond. Apparently even after these negotiations a deal could not be finalized, and Shaffras appears to have changed his base of operations to Amsterdam again. 01 Mon Feb 2016. Secondly, both diamonds are high-crowned rose-cut stones, with similar pattern of facets. If One accepts that the Orlov diamond is the same stone as the long lost Great Mogul Diamond, the second version of the stone's journey to the west acquire more credibility, sans the spicy narrations of alleged murders committed by Shaffras in his attempts to acquire the valuable diamonds. But, the Russian authorities have brought to light records which indicate that around 1768 the Orlov diamond had indeed passed into the hands of an individual named Shaffras, from whom Count Orlov purchased the diamond. Photo: M. Nachinkin, Courtesy: RIA Novosti. Then came the crucial moment when he decided to make his final move. Because the diamond is mounted, it has not been accurately weighed. According to the second version the Orlov diamond belonged to the Mogul rulers of India. The Orlov Diamond: The Orlov diamond 189.62 carats (37.924 g), is a large diamond that is part of the collection of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin. Jan 25, 2015 - A copy of the Orlov diamond that is part of the collection of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin. The only evidence that seems to go against this conclusion is the discrepancy between the weights of the two stones. It is one of the most daring jewel heists in the world and the Orlov is supposedly a cursed diamond. This diamond and a similar gem served as the eyes of the deity in the temple. However, a French soldier disguised himself as a Hindu during the Carnatic war. Aurangzeb entrusted the cutting of the Great Mogul to an Italian cutter, Hortensio Borgio, who eventually turned out an Indian rose-cut diamond having the shape of half a pigeon's egg and weighing only 279 carats. The diamond is often referred to as having the shape and proportions of the half of a hen’s egg. Copyright © .Internet Stones.COM. Just 6 months after ascending the throne, on July 14, 1762, Peter III was ousted in a coup d'etat organized by Catherine's lover Grigory Orlov and his brother Alexei Orlov, and Catherine was proclaimed the Empress of Russia. Find a retailer that offers GIA-graded diamonds. only the present whereabouts of the Great Mogul diamond becomes a mystery, as there are no famous diamonds existing today, other than the Orlov, that corresponds to it's unique characteristics. The Orlov is a white diamond with a faint bluish tinge, weighing 189.62 carats. Empress Catherine named the diamond after Count Orlov, and got it mounted on the Imperial Scepter, in which setting it is preserved up to this day, among the treasures of the Kremlin Diamond Fund. Moreover, we cannot exclude the possibility that during the Orlov diamond's long history, a slight re-cutting might have taken place at some stage , in order to get it's present dome shaped top and to improve it's brilliance, thus causing a considerable reduction in it's weight. If one compares Tavernier's drawing of the Great Mogul with photographs and drawings of the Orlov, a striking similarity is immediately apparent between the two. Established in 1931, GIA protects the public through gemological research, education, impartial gem identification and grading services, and instrument development. The diamond was part of the loot carried away by the conqueror Nadir Shah of Iran in 1739, after the sacking of Delhi and Agra, which also included other famous diamonds such as the Koh-i-Nur, the Darya-i-Nur, and the Peacock Throne of Shah Jahaan. Shaffras was highly disappointed when he learnt that the jewels had been disposed of, and he inquired from the Afghan about the whereabouts of the Jewish trader, who purchased the jewels. While living in this area, he learnt from the local people, about the famous temple, and the celebrated idol of Lord Ranganatha, whose eyes were made up of two large priceless diamonds. The Orlov (sometimes spelled Orloff) is a large diamond that is part of the collection of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin.The origin of this resplendent relic – described as having the shape and proportions of half a hen's egg – can be traced back to the 18th century Sri Ranganathaswamy Hindu temple, in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, India where it once served as the eye of the presiding deity. The origin of this resplendent relic – described as having the shape and proportions of half a hen's egg. The first version starting from the eye of the idol is only a legend, with no recorded evidence to support it. Use your GIA report number to look up your report results. There is a total of around 180 facets on the diamond, with a slight indentation on one side. The Orlov Diamond. Aurangzeb was displeased with the cutting, especially the loss of over 500 carats of the massive diamond, and instead of rewarding the cutter for his services, fined him 10.000 rupees. Bassorah was founded by Caliph Omar in A.D. 636, and was situated about 13 Km from the modern city of Basra. It is described as having the shape and proportions of half a chicken's egg. A severe storm hit the Srirangam area one night, and he was all alone in the temple. Jan 21, 2015 - The Orlov diamond in the Imperial Russian sceptre. This diamond and a similar gem served as the eyes of the deity in the temple. But the Afghan became suspicious of Shaffras, and left the city for Baghdad, where he met a Jewish trader to whom he sold the stolen treasurers for 65,000 piasters (about £500) and two fine Arab horses. The Orlov diamond of 189.62 carats (37.924 g), is a large diamond that is part of the collection of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin. Both diamonds have strikingly similar shapes resembling the shape of half a pigeon's egg. The main temple in Srirangam, the Ranganatha temple, is a Vaishnavite temple dedicated to the God Vishnu, but is also venerated by Saivites, the devotees of Lord Shiva. Yet, because of its murky history and legendary travels, the Orlov is a most fascinating diamond. You are welcome to discuss this post/related topics with Dr Shihaan and other experts from around the world in our, pin.internetstones.com- Social Pinboard- Sart yours & connect with millions, Invite Friends From Yahoo, Gmail etc-One Click. In 1759, he escorted a Prussian prisoner of war to St. Petersburg, and was introduced to the Grand Duke Peter and his wife, Catherine. He laid his hand on the deity entrusted to his care, and prised out one of the diamonds from it's socket. The shape of the diamond was described as resembling half a hen's egg. The particulars of the Orlov's story have been lost with time, but it is widely reported that the diamond once served as an eye of the statue of the presiding deity of the temple of Srirangam, Lord Ranganatha, in southern India. The color of the two stones seemed to match each other and even the diameter of the Koh-i-Nur approximates that of the Great Mogul. She accepted it and had it set in the Imperial Scepter designed by her jeweler C. N. Troitinski, but Orlov failed to regain her affections. The Canadian experts from the Royal Ontario University, who examined the Iranian crown Jewels, concluded that the Darya-i- Nur was derived from the Great Table diamond, which was indicated as No. The famous Orlov Diamond, one of the few most valuable diamonds in the world, once the adorned the eyes of the deity in the famous Hindu temple dedicated to God Vishnu at Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, India. The second version of the journey of the Orlov from India to Russia, is even more colorful, but contains shocking details of several murders purported to have been committed by Shaffras, in his attempt to acquire the valuable gem. The dimensions of the stone are 47.6 x 34.92 x 31.75 mm. The 189.62 carat Orlov Diamond is a Golconda diamond In 1774, it was encrusted into the Imperial Sceptre of Russian Empress Catherine the Great. Jul 21, 2019 - According to legend, the Orlov Diamond was an eye of an idol in the Temple of Srirangam. The Orlov Diamond (sometimes spelled Orloff) is a large diamond of Indian origin, currently displayed as a part of the Diamond Fund collection of Moscow’s Kremlin Armoury. But, there was a discrepancy in the weights. During the third Mysore War in 1790-92 CE, the temple was extensively looted and plundered by the armies of Tipu Sultan. Even though the Empress accepted the present, his wishes did not materialize, but the Empress in return gifted him a marble palace at St. Petersburg, in the same spirit of generosity she showered on all her lovers. In 1774, Catherine II had the Orlov set in the Imperial Sceptre, where it remains to this day. The only factual evidence that seems to support the eye of the idol version, is the striking shape of the Orlov diamond, which could have easily fitted into the eye of an idol. your own Pins on Pinterest Last updated on October 28, 2019. An increase in credibility of the second version is necessarily accompanied by a decrease in credibility of the first, beginning with the eye of the idol, unless the Great Mogul traveled southwards from the seat of Mogul power in the North, at Delhi, until it was lodged in the eye of the sacred idol at Srirangam. The Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of the Hindu deity Vishnu. The origin of this resplendent relic – described as having the shape and proportions of half a hen's egg. Its documented history begins in the early 1770s when the diamond was acquired by Count Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov for his lover, Russian Empress Catherine II, known as Catherine the Great, who reigned from 1762 until her death in 1796. Throughout her long reign, she took many lovers, often elevating them to high positions for as long as they held her interest, and then pensioning them off with large estates and gifts of serfs. According to one legend recounted by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, the diamond was taken from the temple of Srirangam in Mysore. But, Catherine was not the type of woman who would be tied down to a single man. It has never been officially weighed, but is estimated to be approximately 190 carats, which makes it one of the largest cut diamonds in the world – at one point it was the third largest cut diamonds known. They killed the Jewish trader and stole all the jewels, but later realized that the Afghan could implicate them in the crime. It is the fourth in our Famous Diamonds series. The Orlov is a large diamond that originated from the Kollur mines of India. Shaffras was astonished to see such valuable jewels in the hands of a poor soldier, and postponed the transaction as he did not have sufficient funds. Having failed to sell the diamond to the Empress, Shaffras left the Russian Capital, and moved to Astrakhan, a city situated in south western Russia, in the delta of the Volga River, about 100 Km from the Caspian Sea, which was once the capital of the Tartars of Russia. All rights reserved. The evidence for identifying the Koh-i-Nur with the Great Mogul is somewhat stronger. 3, in Tavernier's set of drawings. There are two popular versions as to how this came about. Srirangam is one of the most popular and holy pilgrimage centers of Hindus in Southern India. This discrepancy was explained by Mineralogist James Tenant, as caused by the removal of the upper portion, and two portions from the sides, and the re-grinding of four facets on the upper surface, of the Great Mogul diamond. Shaffras hastened to see the Jewish trader, and offered him double the purchase price for the jewels, but the trader declined the offer. As for the Darya-i-Nur, the color of the diamond itself disqualifies it as a possible contender, because the Darya-i-Nur is light pink in color, where as the Great Mogul was a white diamond, with a slightly bluish tinge. Shaffras obliged, and while in St. Petersburg was introduced to the court jeweler Lazarev, who initiated negotiations for the purchase of the diamond. Discover (and save!) The third similarity is the existence of a slight indentation at the base of the Orlov, which seems to correspond with the slight "crack and flaw"at the bottom of the Great Mogul, as described by Tavernier. Tavernier had made a drawing of the finished Great Mogul diamond, which he published in his book "The Six Voyages of Jean Baptiste Tavernier", published in 1679. Orlov Grigory Grigoryevich (1734-83) joined the cadet corps in 1749, and became an artillery officer in the Russian army. Others contend it belonged to Nader Shah, ruler of Persia, and was stolen following his assassination in 1747. The shape of the diamond was described as resembling half a hen's egg. The Russian court learnt about his presence in Astrakhan a few years later, and sent an intermediary to re-open negotiations for the sale of the diamond. Three days after his deposition on July 17,1762, Peter III was murdered by Alexei Orlov, apparently on the orders of Catherine, who was determined to eliminate all potential claimants to the throne. The diamond then passed from merchant to merchant, it's price also escalating after each transaction, until it was purchased by a Persian or Armenian diamond dealer by the name of Shaffras, based in Amsterdam. The Afghan soldier contacted an Armenian merchant by the name of Shaffras, and tried to sell the stolen jewels. It was then that Count Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov, the former lover of Catherine the Great learnt about the great diamond in Amsterdam, and Catherine's great wish to own it. Having failed to acquire the diamond by fair means, Shaffras and his two brothers decided to achieve their goal by foul means. The next question that arises is, how the diamond that was discovered, cut and polished in India, eventually found it's way to the court of Catherine the Great (1762-96). To surmount these problems and gain easy access to the sacred temple, he devised an elaborate plan that would take months or perhaps years to accomplish. Some stories say that it had been stolen from the temple by a deserter of the French army in the 1700s. According to recorded history the Babur diamond was known since 1295, when Sultan Ala-ud-din Khalji acquired the stone, but the great Mogul diamond was discovered only in the middle of the 17th century, around 1650. Ce, the Orlov, a French soldier who smuggled it to Europe, where it remains to day. The Tigris River orlov diamond srirangam night temple during the summer season.push ( }... Of our Famous diamonds series Ranganathaswamy temple in 1747, ruler of Persia, and sold it for to. The Frenchman 's plan had worked out successfully, without arousing anybody 's suspicion from!, 2015 - the Orlov diamond is considered by many as the Coleroon River be tied to... Jul 21, 2015 - the Orlov is a Hindu during the 2nd Carnatic of. Then came the crucial moment when he decided to achieve their goal by foul means plundered! 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